The Confédération Européenne du Sport des Boules (CESB) created by the CEP, the CER and the FEB. Here is a little information about the 3 sports and the CESB
Pétanque is the most popular of the sport boules family and although there are several versions and dates of how it came about the most likely version is that the birth of pétanque was in 1910 in La Ciotat by Jules le Noir. The name pétanque is a derivation of the provençal word ped tanco and it means the feet together on the ground. In contradiction to the game of jeu provençal the player, while playing, should keep his feet together and on the ground, the boules can be thrown from either a standing, bending or a squatting position, by the way pétanque is the only game of boules where a player may squat to throw his boules!
Pétanque is played on any surface with hollow metal balls know as boules which have a diameter of between 70,5 mm and 80 mm and weight of 650 gram (min) and 800 gram (max). The jack is made of wood and has a diameter of 30mm (tolerance: + or – 1mm).
The aim of the game is to get your boules as close to the jack as possible. It is possible to shoot or hit the opponent’s boule both directly, without touching the ground or by rolling a boule along the ground to hit the target boule. The player has to play his game standing with both feet on the ground inside a circle that has a diameter of 35 to 50 cm. There also exists a special competition of Precision Shooting.
C.E.R. (Raffa - Bocce)
Basically there are two types of the Italian game of bocce, the game with metallic bronze boules and the game with composite boules. The game with the bronze boules is called Volo and is exactly the same as the French game lyonnaise. The rules of Raffa may be different from country to country, or even from federation to federation however, bocce balls have a weight between 920 and 1100 grams and a diameter between 10.7 and 11.4 cm. Although composite balls are the most common, the balls may also be made of wood or metal and they can be any colour however, for a team they must be matching and of a different colour to those of the opponents. The size of the pallino (jack) is between 40 and 60 mm and may also be any colour but always contrasting to those of the boules in the game.
The boules are thrown in any one of three ways: punto, rafa and volo. A punto shot is the way of pointing a ball by rolling the ball as close as possible to the pallino, rafa shot is the way of knocking an opponent's ball away that is very close to the pallino by rolling very fast and a volo shot is the way of hitting an opponent's ball that is very close to the pallino by throwing through the air and hitting directly the opponent's boule (or the pallino), with the restriction that the ball may first strike the ground within 40 cm of the target.
F.E.B. (Boule Lyonnaise )
The game of boule lyonnaise is also called sport-boules. The game was created in Lyons at the end of the 19th century. The first official tournament was organised by the newspaper Lyon Républicain at the famous square Bellecour in the centre of Lyons in 1894 with 1200 participants. The size of the boules, which are made from bronze, must be between 9 and 11 cm, the weight between 900 and 1200 grams. The wooden jack has a diameter between 35 and 37 mm. The dimensions of the court are 4 m wide and 27.5 m long. Transverse lines divide the courts in several areas. The jack has to be thrown out to a distance of between 12.5 and 17.5 m and in a rectangle at the opposite side of the court that is bounded by the ligne pied de jeu and the ligne maximum. The pointer has to play from a point that he chooses somewhere throw line. The shooter normally shoots with a run of three to seven steps, but he has to deliver his boule before the throw line. In order to hit in a regular way, he has to land at a maximum distance of 50 cm before the object he wants to strike.